Schweitzer, Albert

(1875–1965)
   Theologian and Missionary.
   Schweitzer was born in Kaiserberg, Alsace, and he was educated at Strasbourg, Berlin and Paris.
   As a theologian, he is chiefly remembered for his Von Reimarus zu Wrede, translated into English as the Quest for the Historical Jesus. It caused a sensation. He argued that the attempt of the nineteenth-century theologians to reconstruct the evidence and discover the historical Jesus was merely a sophisticated exercise in narcissism. The real Jesus was an eschatological figure, making radical demands because he was convinced that the world was soon to come to an end. This was far removed from the delightful teacher and compassionate healer of the liberal Protestant imagination. After medical training, he left Germany in 1913 to settle in French Equatorial Africa as a medical missionary. He established a hospital and, with a few interuptions, he dedicated the rest of his life to it. During this period, he developed an ethical philosophy of reverence for life and in 1952 he was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize. Although he has been criticised as being too paternalistic, he is generally regarded as a twentiethcentury saint.
   J. Brabazon, Albert Schweitzer: A Biography (1976);
   H. Clark, The Philosophy of Albert Schweitzer (1964);
   G. McKnight, Verdict on Schweitzer (1964);
   Albert Schweitzer, My Life and Thought (1933).

Who’s Who in Christianity . 2014.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Schweitzer, Albert — born Jan. 14, 1875, Kaysersberg, Upper Alsace, Ger. died Sept. 4, 1965, Lambaréné, Gabon Alsatian born German theologian, philosopher, organist, and mission doctor. In his early years he obtained a degree in philosophy (1899) and became an… …   Universalium

  • Schweitzer, Albert — (1875 1965)    theologian, philosopher, musician, musicologist, physician, missionary, Nobel laureate    Born in Kaysersberg, Alsace, Albert Schweitzer studied at the universities of Strasbourg, Paris, and Berlin. He was ordained a curate for the …   France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present

  • Schweitzer, Albert — (1887–1965) Born in Alsace; NT scholar who held that Jesus believed that he was the Messiah designate who was to herald the coming of the kingdom of God in the near future. Schweitzer held that both traditional and liberal interpretations of… …   Dictionary of the Bible

  • Schweitzer,Albert — Schweit·zer (shwītʹsər, shvītʹ ), Albert. 1875 1965. French philosopher, physician, and musician who founded (1913) and spent much of his life at a missionary hospital in present day Gabon. Schweitzer was a noted organist and wrote many… …   Universalium

  • Schweitzer, Albert — ► (1875 1965) Teólogo protestante, médico y organista francés. En la República de Gabón fundó y dirigió un hospital para negros. Fue premio Nobel de la Paz en 1952, por su humanitaria labor. * * * (14 ene. 1875, Kaysersberg, Alta Alsacia,… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Schweitzer, Albert —  (1875–1965) German theologian, medical missionary, philosopher, and musician. Established Lambaréné mission, French Equatorial Africa; awarded Nobel Peace Prize (1952) …   Bryson’s dictionary for writers and editors

  • SCHWEITZER, Albert — (1875 1965)    German musical genius, philosopher, theologian and medical doctor who established a MISSIONARY hospital in French Equatorial Africa where he labored most of his life. His major theological work The Quest of the Historical Jesus… …   Concise dictionary of Religion

  • Schweitzer — Schweitzer, Albert …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Albert Schweitzer — (* 14. Januar 1875 in Kaysersberg im Oberelsass bei Colmar; † 4. September 1965 in Lambaréné, Gabun) war ein evangelischer The …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Albert Schweitzer — Nacim …   Wikipedia Español

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